There are numerous dog breeds across the globe, but all these breeds belong to only one species.
However, despite all breeds belonging to one species, there is still much to learn about every breed. Each breed does have its own differences over the other.
Many experts claim that every dog, no matter what breed they may be, come from the line of the Canis Lupus, or also known as the gray wolf. Professors in Europe say that the gray wolf originates from Central Asia.
Based on many studies done on the evolution of dogs, there was only one time that a domestication event occurred, meaning all the dogs we have who are domesticated today actually came from a wolf-dog who became man’s best friend many years ago. This was concluded through the fact that there is a single lineage for all dogs indicating that domestication was done only once.
If it happened quite a number of times in different parts of the world, then studies should show that all dogs today come from more than one lineage.
Domestication of dogs occurred more than 14,000 years ago, but despite this, a lot of the dog breeds we know now only began to emerge just a few centuries ago.
The study of the history of dogs showed that in old times, humans would already try to breed dogs for specific features like a louder bark; this is to protect their owner and his properties. Or also for a dog with more docile temperament; this is so that the dog would have lower chances of lashing out to his owner.
A known dog breed today is actually one of the breeds that were developed in the early times, the greyhound. The greyhound, also known as the Saluki or Arabian greyhound, was considered to be the sure and easily distinguishable dog breed.
Trivia: Saluki translates to noble in English.
And over time, through the changing climate, various natural mutations, and of course human preference, breeds started to spur in large numbers and become more specialized till it became modern and were classified as one.
This classification entails that it should have the following skills:
According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), also known as the World Canine Organization, the number of recognized dog breeds in the world is 340. They are the recognized global governing body when it comes to dog breeds. However, when it comes to breed recognition, there are different standards in every country.
Based on recent studies, the deliberately crossbred designer dog is increasing at a steady pace. Examples of these crossbred dogs are the labradoodle, combination of a Labrador and a poodle; a puggle, a cross between a pug and beagle; and also a cockapoo, an offspring of a cocker spaniel and poodle.
Dogs continuously evolve as humans try to tinker and create different dog breeds, however, we must remember that there are some things that are out of our control and therefore, must be left alone.